The official guide cruiser Aurora
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The booklet of the ice-breaker Krasin
Since Peter I made his dream of transformation of Russia in a great sea power true, the destiny of our country is inseparably linked with the destiny of its fleet.
Everybody remember famous sea victories and outstanding discoveries of Russian travellers. Just as the little boat of Peter the First is a symbol of Russian fleet origin, the icebreaker «Krasin» personifies one of the culmination points of its prosperity. It is the arisen in Russia idea of creation of the ships capable to break ice opened a new era in global navigation. And this discovery as formerly the invention of a steamship expanded the borders of human opportunities in the sea.
The icebreaker made according to the drawings of vice-admiral S.O.Makarov was constructed in Britain by «Armstrong and Witworth» company in 1916 under the order of Russian Maritime Ministry. The «Svyatogor» – that was the former name of the «Krasin» - completely met to her heroic mighty name.
The icebreaker made according to the drawings of vice-admiral S.O.Makarov was constructed in Britain by «Armstrong and Witworth» company in 1916 under the order of Russian Maritime Ministry. The «Svyatogor» – that was the former name of the «Krasin» - completely met to her heroic mighty name.
Contemporaries were amazed by her technical perfection. Three-deck icebreaker had 10 000 tons displacement. She was 99,8 meters long and 21,6 meters wide. Total capacity of steam machines was more than 10 000 horse-powers. The ship developed speed up to 15 bends and overcame ice reaching 4-5 meters thick. Due to her unique characteristics the «Krasin» served in the Arctic fleet more than half a century, up to the beginning of 50-es remaining the most powerful icebreaker in the world.
The world glory was brought to the ship by her feats. Time and again the «Krasin» helped ships suffering disaster in ice.
In the end of 20-es mankind with sinking heart was watching the destiny of the disappeared expedition of general Umberto Nobile. The newspapers grew variegated with photos of the icebreaker «Krasin» fought her way through the ice of high latitudes to the travellers suffering disaster. Sixteen ships set off for searches of the Italian expedition. Only the «Krasin» reached the 82th degree of northern latitude!
The same time the «Krasin» prevented one of the greatest sea catastrophes having come to the aid of German liner «Monte-Servantes», onboard of which there were 1500 passengers and 325 men of the crew. Not having special emergency materials «Krasin»’s crew in ice water put plasters and stopped up two leaks caused by a collision with an iceberg.
In 1932 the «Krasin» made the first voyage in the history of navigation to eastern part of the Pechora sea to icebreaking steamship «Lenin» that had been brought there by ice drift and released the ship from ice captivity.
Later followed voyages to unexplored parts of the Arctic Ocean. In March of 1933 (for the first time in this season) the «Krasin» undertook the research of the sea to the North of the Novaya Zemlya. In 1935 for scientific works conducting she made several voyages to the Chuckchee Sea where to the North of Vrangel island on the 75th degree of northern latitude carried out hydrological works on the depth of about 200 m.
During the Second World War the legendary icebreaker together with the military ships was protecting Motherland. She convoyed caravans of vessels with military cargoes, escorted allies convoys.
Surely this is not the complete list of the exclusive in their importance «Krasin»’s voyages. We can tell that in her activity three directions were combined - rescuer, warrior and pioneer - each of which brought world glory to the icebreaker.
Life buoy
Ship's bell
 
 
 
 
The ice-breaker Krasin. 2002.
At the berth in St.Petersburg. 1923.
The ice-breaker during the march of 1932.
 
 
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